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Slip and Fall

How can nursing homes predict and prevent falls?

prevent fallsWhen we send a loved one to a nursing home, we expect that they will receive the highest quality of care and attention from their nurses and caretakers. This includes being vigilant of fall-risk residents and taking preventative measures to reduce the risk of residents falling and injuring themselves. A fall could be debilitating to an elderly resident, leaving them disabled or heavily dependent on others to perform daily tasks.

According to research from the University of Montana, between 50-75% of nursing home residents fall at least once per year, and people who fall usually fall at least twice a year.

The university’s research shows that there are two types of risk factors when it comes to falls in nursing homes: internal and external. Internal risks refer to a resident’s existing health condition, medications they are taking, mental state, etc. External factors are more physical, such as cluttered hallways.

Internal Risk Factors

Nursing home patients are more likely to fall if they exhibit any of these conditions:

  • A history of falls, specifically if they fell in the past couple of months
  • Increased age generally equals increased risk of falling
  • The use of many different prescription drugs to treat one condition
  • Tethers (oxygen machines, IVs, catheters) that could get caught on railing, bed posts, doorknobs, etc.
  • Diminished strength due to loss of muscle mass
  • Osteoporosis (decreased bone density) that could result in serious injury after a fall

How can nursing homes prevent falls?

Nursing homes can choose from a variety of fall-risk tools to assess their residents’ likelihood of falling at some point. These tools can be helpful, especially when used in combination with an individual health assessment of each resident and a familiarity with their history of falls.

The two most effective tools for identifying a resident’s fall risk are the Morse Fall Scale and the Mobility Interaction Fall Chart. The Morse Fall Scale rates a number of items such as a patient’s history of falling, use of aids like a wheelchair, mental status, and gait, then assigns that patient a risk level. The risk level determines what action the staff needs to take to prevent a fall.

The Mobility Interaction Fall Chart includes a medical assessment, rating for cognition and depression, and observation of daily activities.

Contact a New York Nursing Home Attorney

If you or a loved one sustained a fall while living in a nursing home, you may be entitled to compensation. The attorneys at Hach & Rose, LLP are ready to help you navigate what can be a difficult and stressful litigation process. Call our office at (347) 318-9604 to discuss your rights today.

Why are hip fractures so devastating for elderly people?

hip fracturesWe often hear of older relatives or family friends falling and injuring their hips, but many people are not aware that this injury is often devastating for the victim. This article explores the reasons why elderly people are more susceptible to these types of injuries, what complications are associated with hip fractures, and what symptoms to look for. Additionally, you should know that pursuing legal action is an option if you or a loved one sustained a hip injury due to someone else’s carelessness.

Why are the elderly more susceptible to hip fractures?

According to Science Daily, about 300,000 elderly Americans undergo surgery to repair a fractured hip each year. Older people are at a higher risk of falling and breaking their hip because of two factors: brittle bones and lower muscle mass. At least 44 million Americans have low bone density, and 10 million more have osteoporosis. Elderly people also have lower muscle mass, which impairs their mobility and balance, making a fall more likely than in young people.

What health complications are associated with hip fractures?

When someone suffers a hip fracture, they are often left immobile for a long time following surgery due to a long recovery period. This increases their risk of developing blood clots, UTIs, bedsores, and a greater decrease in muscle mass. Additionally, because elderly people have a harder time recovering from serious accidents, the victim will likely become more dependent upon caretakers. They may need to use a walker for an extended period of time and participate in physical therapy to walk again.

Symptoms of Hip Fractures

Seek medical attention immediately if you spot one of these signs on yourself or a loved one:

  • Swelling and stiffness around the hip
  • Inability to put weight on one leg
  • Inability to move one leg
  • One leg looks shorter than the other

Contact a New York hip injury attorney

If you or a loved one sustained a hip injury in a nursing home or another care facility and negligence is to blame, the experienced injury attorneys at Hach & Rose, LLP are ready to help you. Call our office at (212) 779-0057 to discuss your options today.

Slip and fall claims: how property owners try to avoid responsibility

Slip and fall claimsA slip and fall injury claim could arise when an individual slips, falls, and injures themselves due to someone else’s negligence. For example, if a restaurant manager knew that the floor by the front door was slippery but failed to put up a wet floor sign and someone slipped and fell, then the property owner could be held liable for the injuries and other losses suffered by the victim.

While some slip and fall injuries aren’t severe enough to file a claim, others can be serious or even life-threatening. Slip and falls are the number one source of worker’s compensation claims and account for 21% of emergency hospital visits, according to the National Floor Safety Institute. 

If you decide to file a slip and fall lawsuit against a defendant, it would be beneficial to anticipate and understand what defensive arguments they might pose. Slip and falls can occur anywhere, so the defendant in your case could potentially be anyone. You, as the plaintiff must prove the defendant’s negligence, so they will be looking for ways to prove that they were not negligent.

Lack of causation

The defendant will try to prove that they did not create the circumstances that led to your fall. If you slipped on a silk scarf in a clothing store, for instance, they could argue that someone else dropped the scarf on the ground without their knowledge.

No breach of duty

The defendant will attempt to prove that they did not breach their duty of keeping their premises safe for guests and visitors. They will present evidence or testimony that shows they maintained the safety of their property.

Comparative or contributory negligence

This type of negligence refers to the negligence on the part of the plaintiff (you), meaning the plaintiff acted carelessly and contributed to their own injury. The court will compare the plaintiff’s negligence with the defendant’s negligence and determine how much the defendant will have to pay in damages. 

Contact a New York slip and fall accident lawyer

The New York slip and fall injury lawyers of Hach & Rose, LLP have helped countless clients in the city and across the state get the full compensation they deserve and are ready to do the same for you.Call our office at (347) 318-9604 or reach out to us anytime online to schedule your FREE consultation with us today.

Statute of limitations and shared fault for slip and fall claims in New York

Statute of limitationsIf you fell on someone else’s property, the property owner may be liable for your injuries. Two slip and fall laws in New York state will likely apply to your claim, so it is essential to be aware of them.

Slip and fall statute of limitations

As with most other personal injury cases, there is a statute of limitations regarding slip and fall cases. In New York, you must file a claim within three years after the incident, or the court will refuse to hear your case. This applies to a personal injury case, like if you broke your arm after falling, or to property damage, like if your expensive glasses broke because of the fall. Even if you feel confident that your case will quickly and easily settle out of court, it is best to give yourself as much time as possible in case you need to go to court. 

“Shared fault” rules

In New York, there are “shared fault” rules when it comes to slip and fall cases. So if you bring a suit against a property owner, they will likely argue that you are somewhat at fault as well. The defendant may say that you were on a forbidden part of their property, that you were wearing inappropriate footwear, or that you went into an obviously dangerous area. 

If a jury finds that you were somewhat responsible for your fall, your court reward could be reduced by whatever that percentage is. So if it is determined that you are 30% at fault for the accident, your compensation will be reduced by 30%. Even if your case doesn’t go to trial, the property owner’s insurance company will likely take into consideration your own role in the accident and offer a settlement based on that estimation. 

How to prove fault in a slip and fall case

It can be challenging to prove that a property owner was at fault for your injury because proving fault usually boils down to common sense. To prove that your fall was someone else’s fault, you must prove one of the following:

  1. The property owner caused a surface to be slippery, rough, worn-down, or otherwise dangerous
  2. The property owner knew that a surface was dangerous and did nothing to repair it
  3. The property owner should have known that a surface was dangerous because another person with common sense would have known and done something to repair it

It can be challenging to prove what a property owner may or may not have known, so that’s where an expert slip and fall attorney comes in. Call an experienced New York slip and fall attorney at Hach & Rose, LLP to discuss your rights if you have been the victim of an accident due to a property owner’s negligence.

Preventing Slips, Trips, and Falls in the Workplace

Falls in the WorkplaceAccording to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), falls are the most common workplace injuries suffered by office workers. There are many ways to slip and fall in the office, including unattended spills, exposed cords, snow or ice in walkways or steps, or a wide variety of other reasons.

Some of the most commonly reported causes of workplace trips and falls include:

  • Slipping on wet floors
  • Unsecured electrical cords or wires
  • Loose or worn carpeting
  • Objects in walkways,
  • Improper chair use such as using a chair in place of a ladder
  • Inadequate lighting. 

You can avoid slips and falls in the office by doing the following: 

  • Ensure your walkway is clear and being attentive to your surroundings
  • Close any open drawers or cabinets when you aren’t using them
  • Avoiding stretching to reach something in your chair and stand instead
  • Report any loose carpeting or electrical cords to make sure they are fixed
  • Use a step-ladder or ask a co-worker to help you reach something

    Contact a New York Workplace Accident Lawyer

    Were you hurt in a workplace accident? Did you slip and fall and suffer severe injuries as a result? If so, contact an experienced workplace injury lawyer at Hach & Rose, LLP to discuss the legal options available to you. We’ll be ready to help you understand your rights and take the necessary action to get the compensation you need to pay your bills, get the right medical treatment, and get back on your feet. Call us at (212) 779-0057 or reach out to us online today. 


    Slips and Falls in the Subway: Who is Responsible?

    Unveiled in 1904, the New York City subway system is one of the oldest and most frequently used public transit systems in the world. Additionally, it has the most subway stations out of any other — both nationally and internationally. In total, the New York metro has 472 stations, connecting through Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and the Bronx. While these stops are managed by the Metropolitan Transit Authority (MTA), there are so many that adequately maintaining stations can be difficult. As a result, poor maintenance in neglected stations can create many risks for injury within the New York City transit system.

    Of these risks, slipping and falling in a subway station is perhaps one of the most frightening. According to a 2016 report from the MTA, there were 168 incidents involving contact with trains, in which 48 people were killed. In poorly maintained subway stations, travelers are not only at risk for injury if they slip and fall — they are in danger of being killed. Some of the most common slip-and-fall hazards in poorly maintained New York subway stations include:

    • Cracked or uneven flooring – All property managers have a responsibility to properly maintain their facilities, especially if that facility is meant for public access. If you sustain injuries from slipping and falling on old, cracked, or uneven flooring because of a negligent property owner, then you may be entitled to financial compensation.
    • Insufficient lighting – Proper lighting is crucial to safely walking through an underground metro. If the lighting in a station is too dim for travelers to recognize hazards that should be obvious in a well-lit area, then property managers could be held liable for negligence in the event of a slip-and-fall incident.
    • Debris or walkway obstructions – All too often, walkway obstructions such as cleaning supplies, boxes, crates, or tools are left out in the open. If these obstructions contribute to a slip-and-fall accident, property owners could be held liable for negligence.
    • Lack of railing on stairways – In older subway stations, stairway railing may have worn or broken off. It is up to the property owner to ensure that all stairways are properly maintained with railing for safety.
    • Wet or slick flooring – There are a number of reasons why flooring in subway stations may be slippery. Rain or mud could be tracked in from outside, a pipe could burst, the roof may leak, or the flooring could have been freshly mopped. Whatever the reason, the hazard should be labeled for travelers to see.
    • Unmarked construction hazards – If a subway station is undergoing construction or renovation, it is the responsibility of the property manager to make sure that all hazards are clearly marked and made obvious to travelers.

    Contact a New York Slip and Fall Attorney

    If you or someone close to you has been injured in a slip-and-fall accident in a New York City subway station due to another party’s negligence, you may be entitled to financial compensation. At Hach & Rose, LLP, our knowledgeable team of New York slip and fall attorneys will help guide you through the complex legal processes needed to get the financial compensation you deserve. As residents of New York and with an office located on Madison Avenue, we know all-too-well the dangers commuters face when using our subway system. We’ll be ready to go to bat for you and help you get the full compensation you’re owed when you call (212) 779-0057 to schedule your free consultation. 

    Seven Things To Do After A Slip and Fall Accident

    Seven Things To Do After A Slip and Fall AccidentWhile many people think of slip-and-fall accidents as simple mishaps, these types of accidents can be very costly from both a physical and financial standpoint. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), millions of older people sustain serious — even fatal — injuries that often render them disabled. From 2007 to 2016, fatalities from slips and falls have steadily increased by 30 percent. Researchers have estimated that if rates continue to rise, then by 2030, there will be seven fall-related deaths every hour.

    While it is impossible to reverse the impact of a slip and fall, you can receive financial compensation for your injuries, medical bills, and losses if your accident was the result of another party’s negligent actions. If you or a loved one has been involved in a slip-and-fall accident, here are seven steps you can to protect yourself.

    Get Medical Treatment

    Taking care of your health should be your main priority after a serious slip-and-fall accident. Additionally, you will have your injuries documented by an experienced medical professional who knows what to look for.

    Observe the Scene of the Accident

    The best time to figure out the cause of the accident is to immediately after it takes place. Was the floor too slippery? Were there walkway obstructions? If you can understand the cause of the accident, then you can find out if there was anything a potentially liable party could have done to prevent it.

    Take Photos

    If possible, take photos of the accident scene to capture the details of what took place. Photos are incredibly valuable pieces of evidence. Even if you don’t know exactly what you’re looking for, take as many pictures as necessary. An attorney can help you understand what’s important later.

    Speak to Witnesses

    Witnesses can be crucial in verifying your version of what happened. After the accidents, gather names, contact information, and even a brief statement. An attorney can contact the witnesses you spoke to, and collect an official written statement from each of them.

    Write Down What You Remember

    Be sure to write down everything you remember about the accident as soon as you possibly can. Over time, memories can fade, and details can become less vivid. Record your injuries, pain, and symptoms in a clear narrative that an attorney can follow later. 

    Make Official Reports

    Making official reports is another way to keep documentation of the accident. In injury cases, it’s essential to have as much documentation on hand as possible. Don’t embellish or exaggerate, but write down as much detail as you can remember.

    Seek Help From an Experienced Attorney

    Personal injury cases can be extremely complex, even when they seem relatively clear-cut. An attorney can guide you through the legal processes, and ensure that you don’t get taken advantage of. Remember: the defense’s goal is to discredit your claim. An experienced personal injury lawyer will be on your side and take every action possible to prevent that from happening.

    Contact a New York Personal Injury Lawyer

    Hach & Rose, LLP has built a reputation as one of New York’s premier injury firms over the past 15 years. We have a consistent history of results in personal injury cases, including getting $3,150,000 for a construction worker who slipped and fell on a construction site. If you or a loved one has been hurt in a slip-and-fall accident because of another party’s negligence, our team of experienced attorneys will fight for you to receive the financial compensation you deserve.



    Slip and Fall Accidents and Constructive Notice in New York

    Slip and Fall AccidentsThe New York Daily News reported on September 21, 2019, that one-time street boss of the Colombo crime family “Tommy Shots” Gioeli won a $250,000 settlement for an August 2013 slip and fall accident while playing ping-pong inside Brooklyn’s Manhattan Detention Center. His injuries required surgery and a month-long hospitalization, but the Daily News reported that federal prosecutors were seeking to use the settlement to cover $360,000 in court-ordered restitution the now-67-year-old owed to a bank and a fur store.

     This past June, the Associated Press reported that studies published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that fatal falls had nearly tripled in older Americans in recent years, rising to over 25,000 deaths annually. Analysis looking at 16 years of vital statistics in the United States showed that fatal falls increased from 8,600 in 2000 to 25,190 in 2016, and CDC data showed there were nearly 26,440 fatal falls in Americans 75 years of age and older in 2017. 

    Both of these stories demonstrate that older Americans are far more likely to fall, but older individuals are not the only ones who can be hurt in such accidents. So, who is responsible for your safety when you’re in a store, office building, public place, or private property? Read more on defective conditions and constructive notice in New York. 

    What is Constructive Notice?

    Unless it can be proven that a property owner created a defective condition, an injured person will need to prove that the owner had either actual knowledge or constructive notice of a defect. The Court of Appeals of the State of New York held in Gordon v. American Museum of Natural History, 67 N.Y.2d 836 [1986] that “a defect must be visible and apparent, and it must exist for a sufficient length of time prior to the accident to permit defendant’s employees to discover and remedy it” to constitute constructive notice.

    Constructive notice can be established by proof of a “recurring condition,” which is actual knowledge of an ongoing defective condition. A property owner may be able to employ what is known as the “storm in progress” defense, which the First Department Appellate Division of the Supreme Court of New York ruled in Hussein v. New York City Transit Authority, 266 A.D.2d 146 [1st Dep’t 1999], “Just as landowners have no duty to clear outdoor public spaces while precipitation is still falling, they are not required to provide a constant, ongoing remedy when an alleged slippery condition is said to be caused by moisture tracked indoors during a storm.”

     Contact Us

    If you suffered severe injuries or your loved one was killed in a slip and fall accident in New York City, you will want to speak to an experienced injury attorney to discuss your rights and legal options. Make sure you contact Hach & Rose, LLP as soon as possible. 

    Our firm can fight to prove another party’s negligence and help you recover every last dime of compensation you are entitled to. We can examine your case when you call (212) 779-0057 or contact us online to schedule a free consultation.

    Rochester, NY – Woman Taken to Hospital After Fall Near Genesee River

    Dunkirk, NY – Woman Taken to Hospital After Hit by Neighbor’s Firework

    Rochester, NY (July 4, 2019) – A woman from Rochester suffered injuries on Thursday, July 4th, after falling into the gorge at the bottom of the Lower Falls in the city. The incident was reported to have happened at an unspecified time during the afternoon hours for reasons that are being investigated.


    Brockport, NY – Man Suffers Hypothermia Following Unsafe Property Accident near Canal

    Dunkirk, NY – Woman Taken to Hospital After Hit by Neighbor’s Firework

    Brockport, NY (April 1, 2019) – A serious personal injury accident was reported to have occurred after a man fell into the Erie Canal on Monday, April 1st. According to authorities, the victim suffered from hypothermia after falling into the canal near Main Street around 3:30 a.m. in what may be considered a slip-and-fall or unsafe property incident.


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